Boost Testosterone Levels: To learn how to Boost Testosterone Levels and maintain testosterone level. We explain how to increase testosterone. This Hormone is the most potent ways to increase testosterone. Every man needs eating for higher Testosterone.
Testosterone is a male intercourse hormone that impacts how to increase testosterone -more than merely intercourse force, This is natural testosterone boosting food. The hormone is likewise chargeable for bone and muscle fitness, sperm production, and hair increase.Men need best foods for testosterone. You could lose testosterone as you age, in addition to from continual ailments.
Girls naturally have lower tiers of testosterone for the duration of their lives; their our bodies are more touchy to the hormone, and their fitness relies upon on the stability of testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone.
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Testosterone is a male intercourse hormone that impacts greater than merely sex drive. The hormone is also liable for bone and muscle fitness, sperm production, with hair growth and many more. You may lose testosterone as you age, as well as from continual illnesses, Like:
Testosterone Injections is the most common treatment for men going through andropause. This therapy may provide help and relief from the symptoms and help improve the quality of life in many cases, also lifestyle changes such as increased exercise, stress reduction, and proper nutrition also help.
Testosterone therapy is available in different forms, ask your doctor he will help determine which treatment is best for you.
TESTOSTERONE INJECTIONS: This treatment involves doses of bioidentical (Testosterone Cypionate, Testosterone Enanthate, and Testosterone Propionate).
TESTOSTERONE PATCHES: People who wear a piece containing testosterone receive the hormone through the skin. The patches allow a slow, steady release of testosterone into the bloodstream.
TESTOSTERONE GEL: This treatment is also applied directly to the skin, usually on the arms. Because the gel may transfer to other individuals through skin contact, a person must take care to wash the gel from the hands after each application.
TESTOSTERONE CAPSULES: This is yet another option for testosterone replacement. Men with liver disease, poor liver function, severe heart or kidney disease, or too much calcium in their blood should avoid testosterone capsules.
Follow-up visits with your doctor will be necessary after the initial treatment begins. At follow-up visits, your doctor will check your response to the treatment and make adjustments, if necessary.
Pituitary Gland – GnRH sent to the pituitary gland where it stimulates the synthesis and release of gonadotropic hormones LH and FSH.
Testis – Gonads carry LH to the testis where they encourage testosterone production through the testicular Leydig cells
Conversion of cholesterol produces testosterone
FSH is crucial for spermatogenesis
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is the activated 2% of testosterone is free or unbound, with the remainder bound to SHBG (sex hormone-binding globulin), albumin- and cortisol-binding globulin. Bioavailable testosterone is the testosterone that will not attach to SHBG. Testosterone and DHT act on organs.
Causes development of secondary sexual characteristics
Inhibit secretion of LH and FSH by the pituitary gland, thus stops further testosterone production = negative feedback loop.
There exist androgen receptors in the pituitary and the
hypothalamic neurons that bind to testosterone and signal to stop GnRH release
Homeostasis maintained through this loop – once testosterone stops production, this inhibited secretion stops and GnRH again causes LH and FSH release to produce further testosterone. As men age, they undergo hormonal level changes:
LH and FSH increase
Other hormones that decrease: T3, insulin, growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor 1, stimulating thyroid hormone
Also an increase in SHBG
Dihydrotestosterone levels are unchanged
Estrogen levels unchanged
As men age, the decrease in testosterone paired with the increase in SHBG leads to a decline in free, or bioavailable, testosterone. These hormonal changes start in the 30s and are well established by the 50s.
How Testosterone Affects Fat Loss: Real Science of Low-T
Testosterone Affects Fat Loss, As men age, their testosterone levels decline. This increase in SHBG (sex-hormone binding globulin), which binds to testosterone and thus reduces the amount of free testosterone in the body. Low testosterone levels, obesity, and many other health problems, including fatigue, memory problems and decreased muscle and bone mass. So what is the impact of testosterone on the body and how Testosterone Affects Fat Loss?
Testosterone and energy – low levels of testosterone can cause low energy levels. Regaining natural testosterone levels can increase strength and lead to weight loss. Studies have found that testosterone supplementation reduces total body fat percentages. Obesity is related to low testosterone levels in men. Just as testosterone therapy is associated with decreased obesity, losing weight is associated with increased testosterone levels.
An article in 2014 in the journal of Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity looked at the existing data regarding testosterone therapy in overweight and obese men with testosterone deficiency (hypogonadism).
Many weight loss supplements have dangerous side effects or are ineffective
Looked at weight loss, BMI, waist circumference and body composition
Evaluated long-term testosterone therapy
About 40% of obese nondiabetic men and 50% of overweight diabetic men over 45 have low levels of free testosterone
Many studies have found that testosterone therapy in overweight men helps increased lean body mass, weight loss, decreased BMI and reduced waist circumference.
Weight loss is significant and sustained with long-term testosterone therapy
Testosterone plays a part in protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism.
Testosterone is involved in mitochondrial function and thus energy production and utilization
This interference with energy production is likely why those with low testosterone levels experience a lack of energy
Testosterone therapy has been found to increase lipid oxidation and normalize glucose use in the body. It was found to increase strength and motivation.
Weight gain associated with an 88% increase in body fat and a 12% increase in lean body mass (LBM) and weight loss with a 72% decrease in body fat and a 28% decrease in LBM.
With testosterone therapy, LBM has been shown to increase.
Increased LBM means increased energy expenditure at rest
Testosterone therapy with improved cardiometabolic function
Testosterone deficiency decrease in energy metabolism from fat and an increase in energy metabolism from glucose.
Testosterone therapy has been shown to increase lipid metabolism
Safety? Safety is the primary concern with testosterone replacement therapy. Possible risks discussed in the literature include:
Causes Low Testosterone is the most critical hormone in men. Low, testosterone (hypogonadism) can cause and is responsible for the male characteristics & helps maintain our sex drive, sperm production, body hair, bone, and muscle.
What’re other causes low testosterone?
(e.g., trauma, castration, radiation or chemotherapy), hormonal disorders like (pituitary tumors or diseases, high levels of prolactin), or other disorders like (chronic liver and kidney disease, HIV/AIDS, too much body fat, and type 2 diabetes and associated obesity).
How is low testosterone diagnosed and tested?
Your doctor will use blood tests to see if the total testosterone level is within the normal range. Will be 300 to 1,000 ng/dL, but this may differ depending on the laboratory and a physical exam, To diagnose low testosterone, you may need more than one early-morning (7 AM — 10 AM) blood test and, sometimes, other analyses of the pituitary gland.
How is low testosterone treated?
There are several methods of testosterone replacement; Testosterone Injections is the best meted to get the full benefits of the therapy:
• Injections • Patches • Gel • Pellets
The best method will depend on the cause of the problem, the patient’s preference and tolerance, and cost.
What should you do with this information?
If you have symptoms talk with one of our specialist, an expert in hormones, can help you determine the causes. Be open with our doctor about your medical history, all prescription and nonprescription drugs, any sexual problems, and any significant changes in your life.
Many lifestyle choices and decisions can also negatively impact our natural testosterone production, including:
• Injury to the body. Any physical or psychological trauma can significantly hinder the natural production of testosterone in men.
• Getting married or having children. High testosterone in men prepares us to find a mate and have a family.
Once those goals have been met, our bodies are programmed to lower testosterone production:
• Depression • Excessive drug use • Excessive marijuana use • Extreme opiate use • Excessive alcohol consumption • High-stress levels • Lack of sleep or good quality sleep • Low self-esteem • Negative thoughts • Unnatural glandular issues • And much, much more…
Low Hormone Symptoms also will depend on the cause of the problem:
Causes Low Testosterone Once we hit age 30 the levels of many of our hormones begin to decline. The lean body mass (LBM) of our organs starts to decrease, whereas the adipose (or fat) mass. Between the ages of 30 and 75, the liver, kidneys, brain, and pancreas atrophy by an average of 30%. The LBM declines by ~5% in men and 2.5% in women per decade. Meanwhile, the percent of body fat increases in both sexes during the same period.
Depression impacts all of us at one time or another. It simply isn’t possible to have everything go well all the time. Plenty of people may seem to be lucky and prosperous, with the world at their fingertips. Sadly, that surface appearance completely masks the symptoms of low motivation and/or depression. Depression can hit you like a ton of bricks. The stigma associated with being a man with symptoms of depression can be even more demoralizing and add insult to injury. Most men refuse to admit to feelings of depression, let alone confront or deal with the causative issues.
Muscle Mass and Strength
Once we hit 30, the lean body mass of our organs begins to decrease, whereas the fat mass increases. Between the ages of 40 and 80, the lean body mass declines by ~5% per decade in men and 2.5% per decade in women. Meanwhile, at the same time, the body fat in both sexes increases. These physiological changes are not just an affront to vanity but are a threat to health and longevity. First, aerobic power is directly connected to the amount of lean body mass. Second, this shrinkage of vital organs means that they cannot do their jobs as well, whether it be the heart pumping, the muscles lifting, or the kidneys clearing metabolic waste from the blood. Third, the risk of heart attack, hypertension, and diabetes with an increasing abdominal fat mass.
We all have busy lives and are constantly on the go. Although most people experience sleep problems at some point in their life, one can usually identify the cause of the temporary tiredness and remedy it quickly with good quality rest. Extreme, long-term fatigue is a different story. You do not know what is causing it, and it can gradually destroy your motivation, concentration, and energy levels. Often, the people in your life do not understand what how debilitating fatigue can be.
Sleep disturbance affects every facet of our existence. Many sleep-related problems can be overcome with testosterone therapy. Men with lower testosterone levels have reduced sleep efficiency, with increased nocturnal awakenings and less slow-wave (REM) sleep. Studies have even shown that sleep disturbance caused by sleep apnea, a chronic breathing problem, may be linked to low testosterone levels.
One of the worst aspects of getting older is erectile dysfunction (ED), which causes a reduced ability to perform in the bedroom and lowers your sex drive. One of the main causes of age-related sexual dysfunction is the changes in your metabolism and hormone levels, including reduced testosterone production. Numerous studies have also linked low GH and IGF-I levels to ED.
Decreased Sex Drive and Desire
Low testosterone often leads to a decreased sex drive. Although it is the dominant hormone in men, testosterone also plays a significant role in women. Contrary to popular belief, low libido is not related to the frequency of sexual activity or the amount of satisfaction achieved. Instead, it is determined by the body’s signal indicating sexual desire. This signal declines with age due to the body’s decreased production of testosterone.
Motivation is important for getting the most out of life; without motivation, even the most routine task can be daunting. Many people to assume if they get a good night sleep they will feel rejuvenated in the morning. When you wake your head is immediately flooded with thoughts of what you need to accomplish during the day, even if you sleep well. You might then organize your day, plan your activities, and create a map of the tasks you need to accomplish in order to have a productive day. However, if you do not have motivation then all the preparation in the world will not help you execute your plan for a productive day.
Undetected and untreated high cholesterol is a silent killer! High Cholesterol can lead to an assortment of different health problems, including heart attack, stroke, and death. Although high cholesterol is associated with overweight individuals, you can be thin and still have high cholesterol. GH is an important regulator of LDL and total cholesterol, as well as triglycerides. It lowers diastolic blood pressure by reducing the resistance of arteries and capillaries that carry blood throughout the body. Multiple studies have shown that GH can reduce levels of LDL, or bad, cholesterol.
Many symptoms of aging are a direct or indirect result of diminishing GH and testosterone levels, including low energy and fatigue. By the age of 30, most people are GH-deficient, which can result in somatotropin deficiency syndrome (SDS). Somatotropin is another name for GH. Without GH therapy, GH levels continue to decline, which is sometimes referred to as the somatopause.
Hopefully, you have been skimming through the many pages of our website to try and educate yourself about how to take charge of your life, maximize your potential, and experience life to the fullest. The only way you will ever be able to do this is if you are feeling your best, are able to produce your best, and give your best!
Osteoporosis and Bone Mass
Osteoporosis is the gradual thinning that makes bones brittle and porous which in turn makes them more prone to fracture. If affects approximately 10 million adults in the United States, and is more common in women than men. Of people older than 50 years of age, one in two women and one in eight men are predicted to have an osteoporosis-related fracture in their lifetime. Individuals of Caucasian and Asian ethnicity are also at a high risk.
Think about your children or yourself when you were a child. Do you remember how many times you fell down and scraped your knee? Your arms and legs always seemed to be wearing red badges of courage. Then, a scab would form and then soon disappear, leaving absolutely no trace of the injury. However, when you are young your cells regenerate and repair at a much faster pace, and so your wounds heal more quickly and your bones knit more rapidly. All these processes are under the control of GH and other growth factors. Although GH supplementation won’t restore your healing capacity to that you experienced as a child, it will dramatically accelerate the healing process.
The thyroid and adrenal glands regulate multiple functions throughout the body. If thyroid hormone and cortisol levels are not right, the rest of the body will not function correctly; these critical hormones are just as important as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, and growth hormone.
Testosterone Therapy’s and The answers for Aging Men
Testosterone therapy’s, It’s a fact of life – as men age, the level of testosterone in their bodies decreases. But, is an Injectable replacement therapy is a right solution for you for many people? Testosterone therapy has possibilities of:
1) Improve muscle & bone loss 2) Improve memory & mental focus 3) Boost your libido 4) Improve energy level overall 5) Restore sexual function and muscle strength
Testosterone Injectable therapy has been used successfully for years for treating men with abnormally low testosterone levels – a medical condition called hypogonadism.
The decline of testosterone Starting around age 30 to 40, in man’s body, produces less testosterone. Testosterone is the primary male hormone it maintains: fat distribution, muscle mass, strength, bone mass, sperm production, sex drive, and potency.
Low testosterone can have several effects on the body, including:
1) Decreased energy 2) Reduced muscle mass and strength 3) Cognitive function 4) Less sexual interest or potency 5) Depressed 6) and much, much more.
If you experience these symptoms, you may have low testosterone. Also, some healthy men encounter these changes as a part of the aging process, possibly because of declining hormones other than testosterone.
Next, contact AAI Rejuvenation Clinic physician’s to learn more about Testosterone injectable Therapy. He or she can help determine the likely cause and suggest the best treatment plan if any.
Also, some healthy men encounter these changes as a part of the aging process, possibly because of declining hormones other than testosterone.
Why should take testosterone therapy?
Testosterone therapy is beneficial for men who fail to produce sufficient levels of testosterone (male hypogonadism).
Right around the age of 30, most men experience a significant “shift” in their lives. They can’t tell what it is. They can’t quite put their finger on it. All they know is, something has “changed”. Usually, men attribute it to being “tired” from working so hard, keeping up with the kids and maintaining their household. The supposition is, “if I can only get one good nights rest, I’ll be all better the next day,” but that day never comes. (*) Individual Results May Vary & Are Not Guaranteed
Exercise can ease symptoms of depression and anxiety
Depression and Anxiety. Exercise can improve symptoms of depression and anxiety. Even small amounts of exercise help. These realistic tips and goals can help you get started and stick with it.
If you have depression or anxiety, you might find your doctor prescribing a regular dose of exercise in addition to medication or psychotherapy. Exercise isn’t a cure for depression or anxiety. But its psychological and physical benefits can improve your symptoms.
“It’s not a magic bullet, but increasing physical activity is a positive and active strategy to help manage depression and anxiety, ” says Kristin Vickers-Douglas, Ph.D., a psychologist at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
When you have depression or anxiety, exercising may be the last thing you think you can do. But you can overcome the inertia. Here’s a look at how exercise can ease symptoms of depression and anxiety. Plus, get realistic tips to get started and stick with exercising.
How exercise helps depression and anxiety
Exercise has long been touted as a way to maintain physical fitness and help prevent high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity and other diseases. A growing volume of research shows that exercise also can help improve symptoms of certain mental conditions, such as depression and anxiety. Exercise also may help prevent a relapse after treatment for depression or anxiety.
Research suggests that it may take at least 30 minutes of exercise a day for at least three to five days a week to significantly improve symptoms of depression. However, smaller amounts of activity — as little as 10 to 15 minutes at a time — have been shown to improve mood in the short term. “So, small bouts of exercise may be a great way to get started if it’s initially too difficult to do more, ” Dr. Vickers-Douglas says.
Just how exercise reduces symptoms of depression and anxiety isn’t fully understood. Researchers believe that exercise prompts changes in both mind and body.
Some evidence suggests that exercise positively affects the levels of certain mood-enhancing neurotransmitters in the brain. Exercise may also boost feel-good endorphins, release tension in muscles, help you sleep better and reduce levels of the stress hormone cortisol. It also increases body temperature, which may have calming effects. All of these changes in your mind and body can improve such symptoms as sadness, anxiety, irritability, stress, fatigue, anger, self-doubt and hopelessness.
If you exercise regularly but depression or anxiety still impairs your daily functioning, seek professional help. Exercise isn’t meant to replace medical treatment of depression or anxiety.
The benefits of exercise for depression and anxiety
Exercise has numerous psychological and emotional benefits when you have depression or anxiety. These include:
•Confidence. Engaging in physical activity offers a sense of accomplishment. Meeting goals or challenges, no matter how small, can boost self-confidence at times when you need it most. Exercise also can make you feel better about your appearance and your self-worth.
•Distraction. When you have depression or anxiety, it’s easy to dwell on how badly you feel. But dwelling interferes with your ability to problem solve and cope in a healthy way. The dwelling also can make depression more severe and longer lasting. Exercise can provide a good distraction. It shifts the focus away from unpleasant thoughts to something more pleasant, such as your surroundings or the music you enjoy listening to while you exercise.
•Interactions. Depression and anxiety can lead to isolation. That, in turn, can worsen your condition. Exercising can create opportunities to interact with others, even if it’s just exchanging a friendly smile or greeting as you walk around your neighborhood.
•Healthy Coping. Doing something beneficial to manage depression or anxiety is a positive coping strategy. Trying to feel better by drinking alcohol excessively, dwelling on how badly you feel, or hoping depression and anxiety will go away on their own aren’t helpful coping strategies.
Tips to start exercising when you have depression or anxiety
Of course, knowing that something’s good for you doesn’t make it easier to actually do it. With depression or anxiety, you may have a hard enough time just doing the dishes, showering or going to work. How can you possibly consider getting some exercise?
Here are some steps that can help you exercise when you have depression or anxiety:
•Get your doctor’s support. Some, but not all, mental health professionals have adopted exercise as a part of their treatment suggestions. Talk to your doctor or therapist for guidance and support. Discuss concerns about an exercise program and how it fits into your overall treatment plan.
•Identify what you enjoy doing. Figure out what type of exercise or activities you’re most likely to do. And think about when and how you’d be most likely to follow through. For instance, would you be more likely to do some gardening in the evening or go for a jog in the pre-dawn hours? Go for a walk in the woods or play basketball with your children after school?
•Set reasonable goals. Your mission doesn’t have to be walking for an hour five days a week. Think about what you may be able to do in reality. Twenty minutes? Ten minutes? Start there and build up. Custom-tailor your plan to your own needs and abilities rather than trying to meet idealistic guidelines that could just add to your pressure.
•Don’t think of exercise as a burden. If exercise is just another “should” in your life that you don’t think you’re living up to, you’ll associate it with failure. Rather, look at your exercise schedule the same way you look at your therapy sessions or antidepressant medication — as one of the tools to help you get better.
•Address your barriers. Identify your individual barriers to exercising. If you feel intimidated by others or are self-conscious, for instance, you may want to exercise in the privacy of your own home. If you stick to goals better with a partner, find a friend to work out with. If you don’t have extra money to spend on exercise gear, do something that is virtually cost-free — walk. If you think about what’s stopping you from exercising, you can probably find an alternative solution.
•Prepare for setbacks and obstacles. Exercise isn’t always easy or fun. And it’s tempting to blame yourself for that. People with depression are especially likely to feel shame over perceived failures. Don’t fall into that trap. Give yourself credit for every step in the right direction, no matter how small. If you skip exercise one day, that doesn’t mean you’re a failure and may as well quit entirely. Just try again the next day.
Sticking with exercise when you have depression or anxiety
Launching an exercise program is hard. Sticking with it can be even harder. One key is problem-solving your way through when it seems like you can’t or don’t want to exercise.
“What would happen if you went out to your car and it wouldn’t start? ” Dr. Vickers-Douglas asks. “You’d probably be able to very quickly list several strategies for dealing with that barrier, such as calling an auto service, taking the bus, or calling your spouse or friend for help. You instantly start problem-solving. ”
But most people don’t approach exercise that way. What happens if you want to go for a walk but it’s raining? Most people decide against the walk and don’t even try to explore alternatives. “With exercise, we often hit a barrier and say, ‘That’s it. I can’t do it, forget it,’ ” Dr. Vickers-Douglas says.
Instead, problem solve your way through the exercise barrier, just as you would other obstacles in your life. Figure out your options — walking in the rain, going to a gym, exercising indoors, for instance.
“Some people have the idea that being physically active is supposed to be easy and natural, ” Dr. Vickers-Douglas says. “Some think of it as just having enough willpower. But that really oversimplifies it and can make us feel like failures. You can’t just rely on willpower. Identify your strengths and skills and apply those to exercise. ”
Article original printed (November 5, 2005)
Testosterone Injections – Curious about testosterone injections Therapy? Read more about what you can expect from this treatment and contact us for more information (866) 224-5698
The Role of Testosterone, Testosterone therapy is the most important sex hormone that men have. It is responsible for the typical male characteristics and helps maintain sex drive, sperm production, pubic and body hair, muscle, and bone. The brain controls the production of testosterone by the testes.
Low testosterone (also called hypogonadism) can cause:
• A drop in sex drive • Poor erections • Low sperm count • Increased breast tissue
Over time, low testosterone may cause a man to lose body hair, muscle bulk and strength, accumulate body fat, and have weaker bones (osteoporosis), mood changes, less energy and smaller testes.
What causes low testosterone?
Low testosterone can be caused by injury (trauma, castration, radiation or chemotherapy), testicular infection, hormonal disorders (e.g., pituitary tumors or diseases, high levels of prolactin), or other systematic diseases (such as HIV/AIDS, chronic liver and kidney disease, too much body fat, Type 2 Diabetes and associated Diabetes). Some medications and several genetic conditions (Klinefelter syndrome, hemochromatosis, Kallmann syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome) also can cause low testosterone. Many older men have low testosterone levels and often, the cause is not known.
How is low testosterone diagnosed?
During a physical exam, your doctor will examine body hair, breast size, size and consistency of the testes, scrotum, penis size, and ability to see in all directions. Your doctor will also use blood tests to see if the total testosterone level is within the normal range. This is generally 300 to 1,000 ng/dL but this may differ depending on the laboratory. To diagnose low testosterone you may need more than one early-morning (7 – 10 a.m.) blood test and, sometimes, other tests of the pituitary gland.
The best method will depend on the cause of the problem, the patient’s preference and tolerance, and cost. There are risks with long-term use of any testosterone delivery method for men over 50.
Possible Risks of Testosterone Treatment:
1) A high red blood cell count 2) Occasional stopping of breathing during sleep (sleep apnea) 3) An increase in prostate enlargement or prostate cancer growth 4) Fluid build-up (rarely) 5) Breast enlargement 6) Acne
African American men and men over 40 years of age who have close relatives with prostate cancer and all men over 50 years of age should be carefully monitored for prostate cancer during testosterone treatment. Men with breast cancer or known or suspected prostate cancer should not receive testosterone therapy.
What should you do with this information?
The Role of Testosterone, If you have symptoms, talk with a specialist. Be open with your doctor about your medical history, all prescription and nonprescription drugs you are now taking sexual problems, and any major changes in your life. If you would like more information about hormone replacement therapy, click here and complete our short contact form. One of our Clinical Assistants would be happy to explain your options.
Testosterone Injections – Curious about testosterone injections Therapy? Read more about what you can expect from this treatment and contact us for more information (866) 224-5698.
Hormones and Stress in the holiday season are upon us! Although this can a wonderful time filled with love and laughter, it can also significantly increase the day-to-day stresses experienced by many people; this can easily turn into chronic stress. Did you know that chronic stress can have a significant impact on your normal hormonal responses? Read on to learn more about the effects stress can have on your body and what you can do about it.
The Hormones and Stress feeling that we all know so well is part of the body’s normal response to a real or perceived threat. However, your body does not differentiate between serious physical threats and “normal” pressures, and so a heavy workload or demands from your family can build up over time and have a detrimental effect on your health.
The stress response is commonly known as the “fight or flight” response, and it begins in the brain. When a stress is perceived, the amygdala sends a signal to the hypothalamus, which activates the sympathetic nervous system and triggers the release of adrenaline from the adrenal glands into the bloodstream. Adrenaline then accelerates the heartbeat to pump more blood to the muscles in preparation for “flight.” In addition, the pulse, blood pressure, and breathing rate all increase to enhance the amount of oxygen inhaled. Other senses, such as sight and hearing, become sharper.
The Normal Stress Response
During the second phase of the stress response, the hypothalamus releases corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), which stimulates the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). ACTH then stimulates the release of cortisol from the adrenal glands, which ensures that the body remains on “high alert.” Cortisol levels remain elevated until the threat passes; the stress response is then shut down once the brain perceives that the threat is no longer there (http://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/understanding-the-stress-response).
The Effects of Stress
Prolonged periods of stress prevent the shut-down of the normal stress response because the body remains on high-alert and producing cortisol. The long-term exposure to cortisol and other Hormones and Stress has a number of negative effects throughout the body, including:
In the respiratory system, the accelerated breathing rate could lead to asthma or panic attacks (http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/stress-body.aspx).
In the cardiovascular system, prolonged periods of an elevated heart rate and increased blood pressure can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, heart attack, and stroke.
In the liver, the increased levels of cortisol stimulate the production of glucose in anticipation of increased energy demands. Such prolonged exposure to elevated blood glucose levels might increase the risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.
Some animal studies have suggested that chronic stress can reduce testosterone levels and sperm production and maturation in men; it can even lead to erectile dysfunction and impotence.
In women, chronic stress can lead to an irregular menstrual cycle, worsened premenstrual syndrome symptoms, and reduced libido.
Stress can also dampen theimmune system.
Emotionally, stress can affect your sleep, increase irritability, anxiety, and depression, and reduce concentration.
How to Reduce the Effects of Stress
There is no need to worry: there is a lot you can do to counteract the natural stress responses that occur at this time of year. It is important to understand what makes you stressed, as well as what makes you relax. For example, there are several lifestyle changes that can help reduce stress (http://www.webmd.com/balance/stress-management/stress-management-relieving-stress):
Take time out to do something you enjoy
Express your feelings
Use relaxation techniques such as meditation
Exercise regularly; exercise is one of the best ways of reducing stress
Because many of the symptoms of chronic stress are also associated with low hormones, such as sleep loss, fatigue, and low testosterone levels, we recommend getting your Hormones and Stress levels checked if you experience any prolonged, unusual or unexplained stress. At AAI Clinic, we can measure your Hormones, Testosterone Injections, and Stress and make recommendations regarding any hormone replacement therapy or supplements that could alleviate your stress-related symptoms.
Testosterone Injections – Curious about testosterone injections Therapy? Read more about what you can expect from this treatment and contact us for more information (866) 224-LowT (5698)
Golbidi, S., J.C. Frisbee, and I. Laher, Chronic stress impacts the cardiovascular system: animal models and clinical outcomes. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 2015. 308(12): p. H1476-98.
Bergmann, N., F. Gyntelberg, and J. Faber, The appraisal of chronic stress and the development of the metabolic syndrome: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies. Endocr Connect, 2014. 3(2): p. R55-80.
Kalaitzidou, I., et al., Stress management and erectile dysfunction: a pilot comparative study. Andrologia, 2014. 46(6): p. 698-702.
Gannon, L., et al., Perimenstrual symptoms: relationships with chronic stress and selected lifestyle variables. Behav Med, 1989. 15(4): p. 149-59.
Golkar, A., et al., The Influence of Work-Related Chronic Stress on the Regulation of Emotion and on Functional Connectivity in the Brain. PLoS ONE, 2014. 9(9): p. e104550.
Today’s media is full of reports about so-called “superfoods.” While most of these reports are based on some level of fact, misrepresentation or poor interpretation of medical and scientific findings often leads to misinformation and sensational yet misleading headlines. A prime example of this is raw cacao. The health benefits of raw cacao are astounding; however, this, unfortunately, does not necessarily mean that eating a bar of milk chocolate each day will have the same effects. Read on to learn more about the ways in which raw cacao can improve your health and how to take full advantage.
What is Raw Cacao?
Cacao-based products are made from cacao beans and include cacao powder, nibs, paste, and butter.
When purchasing raw cacao products such as powder, it is important to understand the differences between raw cacao powder and the more common cocoa powder. Raw cacao powder is very pure. It is made from raw, unroasted cocoa beans via a process known as cold pressing, which removes the fat in the form of cacao butter; much of the bean and nutrients remain intact.
Cacao is one of the best sources of flavonoids (which are potent antioxidants) available, which means that it has huge health benefits. It is also rich in protein, cholesterol-free and monounsaturated fats, fiber, natural carbohydrates, and minerals (including zinc, iron, potassium, magnesium, copper, manganese, and calcium).
Cocoa powder is produced in a similar way to cacao powder, except that it undergoes high-temperature processing during production. Although it retains significant health benefits, the high temperatures used to destroy some of the nutritional value. As cocoa undergoes further processing to make reduced-strength dark chocolate and milk chocolate, increasing amounts of the nutrients are removed. Therefore, raw cacao powder, cocoa powder, or very strong dark chocolate are recommended for optimal health benefits.
Many people are at an increased risk of cardiovascular events as they age. The good news is that the consumption of certain foods can help reduce this risk. Cocoa-based products can have significant beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system by reducing cardiovascular risk and atherosclerosis, improving circulation, lowering the levels of LDL (bad) and increasing the levels of HDL (good) cholesterol, and reducing blood pressure. Many of these effects are caused by the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of the flavonoids.
Cacao- and cocoa-based products can reduce hypertension. For example, the Cocoa, Cognition, and Aging (CoCoA) Study was performed in 90 elderly individuals who received cocoa-based drinks with high, medium, or low flavonoid content. Blood pressure was reduced significantly in patients that received high- or medium-content cocoa compared with those that received low flavonoid cocoa . The subjects also exhibited improved insulin resistance and reduced lipid peroxidation.
Cardiovascular function. A recent study assessed vascular stiffness in healthy younger (<35) and older (50–80) men who drank cocoa or a control drink twice a day for two weeks. The subjects who drank cocoa exhibited significantly improved cardiovascular function, as measured by improved endothelial function, blood pressure, and vascular stiffness . A second similar study confirmed these effects and also indicated that the consumption of high-flavonoid chocolate improved platelet aggregation (an indicator of the ability of the blood to form clots) compared with low flavonoid chocolate .
Cholesterol. Several studies have investigated the ability of cocoa and cacao to improve cholesterol. For example, consuming 400 g cocoa powder with 500 ml skimmed milk per day increased HDL and lowered LDL cholesterol levels in elderly subjects at high risk of cardiovascular disease . Similar observations were made in young healthy and hypercholesterolemic subjects  and in elderly healthy individuals .
The available data suggest that cocoa and cacao could help protect against cognitive decline in aging individuals.
In the same CoCoA study described above, subjects that received cocoa with a high or medium flavonoid content had significant improvements in two different measures of cognitive function: a trail making test and a verbal fluency test. The improvements were greatest in the high flavonoid vs. the intermediate flavonoid group. However, there were no improvements in the mini-mental state evaluation among groups .
Cocoa and cacao might also protect against dementia and related diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease .
The risk of metabolic diseases often increases as we age, and conditions such as diabetes and obesity are associated with reduced mortality. Luckily, cocoa could help reduce the risk of these conditions and their symptoms. Possibly the most important metabolic effect of cocoa is its ability to improve insulin sensitivity. In one study, subjects received dark or white chocolate (with high and zero flavonoid content, respectively), and insulin sensitivity was assessed using glucose tolerance tests and the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index. Dark, but not white, chocolate significantly improved both measures of insulin sensitivity and reduced blood pressure .
The symptoms of many aging-related diseases have been linked to reduced hormone levels over time. Therefore, improving natural hormone production can reduce the symptoms of many aging-related diseases. Cocoa can have beneficial effects on the production of several hormones.
Stress hormones. We all know that nice, relaxed feeling that occurs when we eat a delicious, rich piece of dark chocolate. It turns out that there is a physiological reason for this! Cocoa can potently inhibit the release of the stress hormone cortisol. Healthy men aged 20–50 who consumed a single piece of dark chocolate had a significantly reduced response to a psychosocial stressor. These effects were caused by inhibiting the release of the stress hormones cortisol and epinephrine from the adrenal gland .
So, there you have it! Cocoa really is a super-food. It is not only delicious but, when eaten in unprocessed forms, it has significant health benefits.
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